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How Does Ketamine Affect the Brain?

Originally developed to replace phencyclidine (PCP) for anesthetic and analgesic purposes, ketamine is now known to exert antidepressant actions in the brain. Research suggests ketamine relieves symptoms of treatment-resistant depression by stopping specific receptors and regions in the brain from releasing chemicals involved in depression.

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liquid and powder forms of ketamine

The Modern-Day Agent of Change: A Brief History of Ketamine

Today, ketamine is a safe, effective analgesic and a clinically proven treatment for persistent depression. Initially synthesized in 1962 by a chemistry professor and consultant for Parke-Davis, ketamine ultimately replaced phencyclidine (PCP) as the preferred anesthetic for individuals undergoing major operations. In 1970, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved ketamine as an anesthetic so that Vietnam War soldiers injured on the battlefield could get rapid relief from pain.

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intravenous infusion bag in a medical setting

5 Myths About Ketamine Infusion Therapy

Ketamine is a compound that often gets a bad rap due to misinformation. People refer to it as a horse tranquilizer, claim that it’s addictive, and have other unfounded concerns about ketamine — and they couldn’t be further from the truth. In reality, ketamine infusion therapy is a highly effective treatment for several mental health conditions, including chronic depression, anxiety, PTSD, and OCD. It has also been successful at helping address physical pain resulting from migraines, fibromyalgia, and more.

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What Are the Signs of Anxiety?

Do You Have Anxiety?

Momentary anxiety is a normal yet unpleasant part of life from time to time. On the other hand, an anxiety disorder is when these feelings are much more intense and persistent and can greatly interfere in a person’s everyday life. An anxiety disorder is characterized by repeated episodes of sudden anxiety and fear, sometimes referred to as panic attacks.

The symptoms of these conditions can spiral and become difficult or impossible to control, often placing significant strain on your personal and professional activities. You may find yourself going out of your way to avoid activities or places that trigger your anxiety.

There are quite a few kinds of anxiety disorders: generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, and separation anxiety disorder, among others. That said, many of the symptoms remain consistent between different types of anxiety.

Signs You May Have Anxiety

  • Nervousness
  • Restlessness
  • A sense of impending danger or panic
  • Increased heart rate
  • Rapid breathing
  • Sweating
  • Trembling
  • Feeling weak
  • Fatigue
  • Trouble focusing
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Gastrointestinal problems
  • Avoidance of things that trigger anxiety

Different Anxiety Disorders

  • Agoraphobia, where you avoid places or situations that cause anxiety
  • Generalized anxiety disorder, where your sense of worry is out of proportion to the real danger
  • Panic disorder, where you frequently experience panic attacks
  • Separation anxiety disorder, where a child experiences disproportionate worry about separation from those with parental roles

What Can Cause Anxiety?

Like other mental health conditions, anxiety disorders are not something a person develops because of a single factor. Instead, they are a mix of a number of biological, genetic, and environmental factors.

Underlying health problems or conditions often linked to anxiety include the following:

  • Heart disease
  • Diabetes
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Respiratory disorders like COPD or asthma
  • Drug abuse
  • Withdrawal from alcohol, benzodiazepines, or other medications
  • Chronic pain
  • Irritable bowel syndrome

Risk factors that may increase your likelihood of developing anxiety include the following:

  • Trauma, especially that experienced early in life
  • Stress from a health condition or illness
  • Stress from everyday life
  • Certain personality types
  • A history of other mental health disorders
  • Blood relatives who have had an anxiety disorder
  • Drug or alcohol abuse

Anxiety Treatments

Ketamine Treatment For Anxiety

What was once known only as an anesthetic and pain reliever is now being hailed as an important advancement for the field of mental health treatment.

If you are interested in learning more about this revolutionary new innovation, please give us a call today.


Psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy or counseling, is an anxiety treatment option where you work with a therapist or psychologist to find new ways to work through your anxiety symptoms. This typically comes in the form of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), which aims to teach you how to improve symptoms and return to the things you have had to abandon because of your anxiety.


Some people can find relief from their anxiety symptoms with the right medications, such as some of the following:

  • Certain antidepressants
  • Anti-anxiety medications like buspirone
  • Other medications like benzodiazepines or beta-blockers

Get The Help You Deserve Now!

If you or perhaps someone you might know is struggling with anxiety or depression, and other anxiety treatment methods have failed to provide any relief, ketamine infusion therapy may be able to help you. Ketamine treatment for Anxiety has shown great results in helping those who are experiencing major anxiety. Contact Premier Infusions today and request your free consultation.

Premier Infusions

1 Tiffany Pointe, Suite 105

Bloomingdale, IL 60108

Phone: 630) 980-1400


Do I Have Depression?

Wondering If You Have Depression?

Occasional bouts of sadness are typical for humans, but depression is when these feelings of hopelessness and intense sadness are so persistent that they just don’t go away. Depression has more symptoms, too – it deeply affects the way you think, feel, and behave. It goes on to affect your personal and professional lives in a profound way. It can become a daunting task just to make it through your everyday responsibilities.

Depression itself varies from person to person – some people describe depression as “living in a black hole,” whereas for others it may be more like a feeling of emotional numbness.

Left untreated, depression can only get worse in time. Luckily, with the right combination of treatments or lifestyle changes, you can find relief from your symptoms.

Warning Sign You May Have Depression

Despite the consistent symptoms, your experience may vary because depression can be very different from person to person.

The most common signs and symptoms of depression include the following:

  • Feeling hopeless or helpless
  • Lack of interest in hobbies or daily activities
  • Appetite or weight changes
  • Disturbances in sleep patterns
  • Irritability or anger
  • Fatigue or lack of energy
  • Self-guilt, self-loathing, or shame
  • Reckless behavior
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Unexplained physical aches and pains
Depending on your individual experience, you may be suffering from a specific depressive disorder. Types of depressive disorders include:
  • Major depression
  • Persistent depressive disorder
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
  • Psychotic depression
  • Postpartum depression
  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)
  • Atypical depression

What Are The Causes And Risk Factors Of Depression

Unlike other conditions that can be traced back to a single identifiable cause, depression is more complicated – it is a mix of a number of biological, genetic, and environmental factors.

  • Causes of depression may include:
  • Biological differences
  • Brain chemistry
  • Hormones
  • Inherited traits

Risk factors that may increase your likelihood of developing a depressive disorder include the following:

  • Personality traits like low self-esteem or being too dependent on others
  • Traumatic or stressful events
  • Abusive experiences, especially during childhood
  • Family history of mental health conditions
  • Serious or chronic illness

What Treatments Are Available For Depression?

Despite how hopeless your condition may make you feel, there is no case of depression that cannot find relief with the right treatments or lifestyle changes.

Ketamine Treatment

Although it first rose to prominence as an anesthetic and pain reliever, ketamine is now being used to treat mental health conditions and mood disorders like depression or anxiety.

To learn more about this revolutionary new treatment for depression, schedule a consultation with us today.

  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
  • Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)
  • Tricyclic antidepressants
  • Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)

Psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy, can be very useful for treating depression. This involves counseling sessions with a therapist or psychiatrist who can educate you on healthy coping methods for your symptoms.

Lifestyle changes
  • Exercises
  • Diet
  • Avoid substance abuse
  • Stick to your treatment plan

Learn More About How Ketamine Can Help With Your Depression

If you or perhaps someone you might know is struggling with depression, and other treatment methods have failed to provide any relief, ketamine infusion therapy may be able to help you. Ketamine treatment has shown great results in helping those who are experiencing treatment-resistant depression. Contact Premier Infusions today and request your free consultation.

Premier Infusions

1 Tiffany Pointe, Suite 105

Bloomingdale, IL 60108

Phone: 630) 980-1400


get relief for chronic back pain

How To Relieve Chronic Back Pain

What Can You Do To Help Your Chronic Back Pain?

Chronic back pain is one of the most common causes of disability worldwide. It can lead to significant disruptions in both your personal and professional lives.

Thankfully, even the worst cases of chronic back pain can find relief with the right treatment options. Although you may not be able to prevent the back pain from starting in the first place, there are medical treatments as well as at-home lifestyle changes you can take to reduce symptoms of back pain.

Acute back pain will go away after a month or so, depending on the severity of the pain and what kind of treatment you seek. If your pain is chronic – lasting for a few months, at least – then it may be more difficult to treat the symptoms of your pain.

One innovative new treatment for chronic back pain is the use of ketamine treatments. Although ketamine has long been used as a pain reliever, particularly in hospitals, new research regarding ketamine for chronic pain disorders indicates that a series of ketamine infusions can act as a powerful and rapid treatment for chronic back pain.

Traditional treatments include options like over-the-counter pain relievers (such as Advil or Aleve), muscle relaxants, topical pain relievers, narcotics, and even antidepressants.

Lifestyle changes or alternative treatments for chronic back pain that some may find relief in include chiropractic care, acupuncture, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), massages, and yoga.

What Are The Symptom Of Chronic Back Pain?

Back pain covers a wide range of symptoms, including muscle aching or shooting and burning sensations. The pain may also shoot down your leg or worsen due to activities like bending, lifting, or standing.

Other symptoms of back pain may include:

  • Long-lasting pain, persisting more than a few weeks
  • Severe pain that does not improve after rest
  • Pain that spreads down one or both legs, especially if this pain is extending below the knee
  • Weakness, numbness, or tingling in the legs
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Bowel or bladder problems

What Causes Chronic Back Pain Issues?

Unfortunately, chronic back pain is often the result of a cause that is difficult or impossible for your doctor to identify. Some conditions linked to back pain include the following:

  • Muscle or ligament strain
  • Bulging or ruptured discs
  • Arthritis
  • Osteoporosis

Although anyone can develop chronic back pain, the following factors make a person more at risk:

  • Age
  • Lack of exercise
  • Excess weight
  • Diseases
  • Improper lifting
  • Psychological conditions
  • Smoking

Is Chronic Back Pain Preventable?

To a certain extent, yes, you can avoid the development of chronic back pain with some techniques like:

  • Regular exercise
  • Flexibility strengthening
  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Practicing good posture

You should also make sure to avoid:

  • Smoking cigarettes
  • Lifting improperly
  • Sitting in chairs without good support

Ketamine Treatment For Chronic Back Pain

Are you suffering from chronic back pain after trying treatment after treatment and taking numerous medications only to be left in disappointment? Ketamine Infusion Therapy for chronic pain disorders could be a viable treatment option that you may wish to consider. If you would like to learn more about this amazing new treatment for chronic back pain, please feel free to reach out to Premier Infusions if you are in Bloomingdale, IL, or the surrounding area. If you happen to be looking for ketamine treatment in a different area please visit and find a ketamine treatment provider near you.

Premier Infusions

1 Tiffany Pointe, Suite 105

Bloomingdale, IL 60108

Phone: 630) 980-1400


What Helps With Chronic Back Pain?

It’s normal to have back pain occasionally, especially if you’re over 30 or have a physically challenging job standing or sitting. For many people, it goes away on its own. But if back pain lingers for months without cause, you may be experiencing the first signs of chronic back pain.


“Back pain is considered chronic if it lasts three months or longer. It can come and go, often bringing temporary relief, followed by frustration. Dealing with chronic back pain can be especially trying if you don’t know the cause,” according to Hopkins Medicine.
But chronic back pain is different for everyone, with different symptoms, different tolerance levels, and different reactions to medicine or therapy. Sometimes, the symptoms can be treated with multiple strategies, including using ketamine.


Yes, and its consequences shouldn’t be minimized or ignored. It not only affects millions of people worldwide, but the World Health Organization calls it one of humanity’s leading sources of disability. Chronic pain leaves its tire tracks on about 50 million American adults; of those, about 44 percent are men and 56 percent are women.
Chronic pain and its evil twin, chronic back pain, harm all age groups and income levels, resulting in stress for individuals, families, and America. How bad is the economic burden? Some reports say the U.S. loses about $600 million a year due to lost productivity.


  • Lasts more than a few weeks
  • Is intense and doesn’t improve by resting
  • Works its way down the legs, particularly if the pain goes below the knee
  • Causes weakness, tingling, or numbness in either or both legs
  • Is paired with unexplained weight loss
  • Burning sensations
  • Discomfort which feels like it’s stinging, squeezing, or shooting
  • Your back is constantly sore or stiff
  • Many of these symptoms may respond to store-bought pain relievers, therapy, and new treatments like ketamine infusion.


  • Advancing age results in wear and tear on the spine which results in disc degeneration or spinal stenosis, for example, producing back and neck pain. This is especially true if you’re over 30 compared to someone younger.
  • Certain spinal disorders may have a genetic component.
  • Any job with repetitive bending and lifting or that requires many hours of standing without relief or positioned in a chair that doesn’t offer back support puts you at greater risk.


If you have chronic back pain, you can expect to undergo many tests which may include:

  • Blood tests to check for evidence of cancer, inflammation, infection, and/or arthritis
  • Bone scans to discover and track a bone disorder, fracture, or infection
  • A Discography
  • Electrodiagnostic tests
  • Diagnostic imaging tests like X-rays
  • Myelograms


In some cases, a doctor will first recommend a store-bought pain reliever or an assistive device for a sore limb before suggesting other treatments. In the case of chronic back pain and diagnostic procedures with inconclusive test results, a healthcare provider could also offer:

  • Ketamine infusion therapy. Ketamine is thought to restore and reset connections between nerves throughout the body.
  • Analgesics and NSAIDS (aspirin or ibuprofen).
  • Anticonvulsants.
  • Antidepressants.
  • Alternative therapy like acupuncture.
  • Behavioral therapy.
  • Physical therapy.
  • Spinal mobilization and spinal manipulation.
  • Spinal injections.
  • Traction.
  • Chiropractic procedures.
  • Surgery.
  • Implanted nerve stimulators.
  • Rehabilitation programs.


Back pain is considered chronic when it lasts six months or longer and you don’t know what caused it originally. There are red flags to watch for, which may indicate the need for surgery:

  • New or increasing bowel/bladder issues
  • Weak limbs
  • Walking and equilibrium problems
  • Signs of faster (brisk) reflexes


Each of us deals with pain differently, including chronic back pain. If a cause for your pain has been diagnosed and can be treated, there’s a chance the symptoms will disappear for good. However, remember the nature of the condition is such that it can strike anywhere, at any time.


If you’re experiencing back pain that’s become chronic – lasting for several months – and you don’t know what caused it, see a doctor for a diagnosis and treatment. Chances are high the pain won’t go away on its own, and even if you can function with it, it could result in other problems down the road. Many of the symptoms can be relieved with therapy, pain medication, and newer innovations like ketamine infusion.
If you or a loved one have questions about the clinical use of ketamine we can help. Contact us today to learn more about the innovative new treatments available at Premier Infusions.


When Does Postpartum Depression Start?

New moms face enough challenges after childbirth without suffering from depression, but sometimes the symptoms happen no matter the efforts to stop them cold. If they’re mild and short-term, they’re called the “baby blues.” If they’re more severe and long-lasting, you may be experiencing the first signs of postpartum depression.


Postpartum depression (PPD) is a mental health illness that affects women after giving birth. For some women, it is normal to feel the “baby blues” for a few weeks after giving birth. With postpartum depression, feelings of sadness, loneliness, worthlessness, restlessness, and anxiety last much longer than a few weeks.”


Mood swings starting a few weeks after childbirth are normal, sometimes paired with short bursts of anxiety, sadness, and irritability – these are all part of what some people call the “baby blues.” Symptoms that are more severe and last for several months could be the first signs of postpartum depression. In most cases, the symptoms begin anywhere from a few weeks to six months after giving birth – but have started during pregnancy, which is rare. In other cases, postpartum depression may not happen until a year after childbirth. Some cases are treated with new therapies like ketamine infusion.
Symptoms of postpartum depression include:

  • You feel sad, hopeless
  • You feel worried, scared, panicked
  • New moms sometimes blame themselves unnecessarily
  • You cry a lot
  • Feelings of moodiness
  • Abnormal sleeping patterns, too little or too much
  • Changes in eating habits
  • Problems concentrating
  • Removing yourself from your family or social events
  • Feeling detached from your baby


Like other mental illnesses, postpartum depression has more than one cause. Some are similar to causes for other kinds of depression, but others are unique to women during and after pregnancy, including:

  • Hormonal changes that a woman experiences after a baby is born
  • Environmental and other changes, some of which you can manage (dieting) and some you can’t no matter how hard you try (loss of sleep due to a newborn babies eating and sleep patterns, and the stress of taking care of a newborn)
  • Previous episodes of postpartum depression
  • Depression not caused by pregnancy
  • Severe premenstrual syndrome
  • A stressful relationship or marriage
  • Lack of social support
  • Stressful events during or after pregnancy like being severely ill during pregnancy, premature birth, or a problematic delivery)


Decades of careful research and patient interaction have taught us there are several kinds of depression, each with their own categories and often unique symptoms. The same holds for postpartum depression, which is why the medical community has sub-categorized it into smaller types with symptoms ranging from acute to severe, short to mild:

  • Postpartum Blues (also known as “baby blues”) is the most widespread postpartum mood disorder, affecting about 50 to 85 percent of women who give birth. Symptoms are normally short-term and don’t hinder a woman functioning day today
  • Postpartum Anxiety is sometimes misdiagnosed or brushed aside because people assume new moms have anxiety no matter what. It’s characterized by high tension and stress, and the inability to take it easy or relax.
  • Postpartum Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder surfaces when a new mom is obsessed with cleanliness and compulsively scrubs down the baby’s crib or changing station, among other examples.
  • Postpartum Panic Disorder is characterized by severe stress levels in about 10 percent of women after childbirth. It may include symptoms like shortness of breath and heart palpitations.
  • Postpartum Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder affects about nine percent of women after pregnancy and involves a perceived threat of danger to the mom or baby. Symptoms may include a difficult pregnancy, delivery by C-section, or the baby ending up in a hospital’s neonatal intensive care unit.

Finally, postpartum psychosis is very rare, affecting only about one percent of all women following pregnancy. It’s often characterized by delusional thoughts, hallucinations, extreme agitation, confusion, hyperactivity, and poor judgment. Women who suffer from postpartum psychosis nearly always require medication like ketamine or hospitalization to learn to control their symptoms.


In many cases, a gynecologist, general practitioner, or therapist will diagnose postpartum depression and recommend treatment which often begins with psychotherapy. Sometimes the symptoms can be controlled with ketamine infusion therapy. In the worst-case – postpartum psychosis, where imaged threats of danger or violence have materialized; you can expect hospitalization.


Postpartum depression and its various sub-types indicate a serious mental health illness which too often goes without treatment. The consequences of heroically brushing it aside can be severe for the new mom, her baby, and family and friends. If you think you’re suffering from depression or another disorder, get help.
If you or a loved one have questions about the clinical use of ketamine we can help. Contact us today to learn more about the innovative new treatments available at Premier Infusions.


What To Know When You’re Depressed

Depression’s not easy to live with, especially now. America’s been hit harder than any other country by COVID-19 and its effect, with nearly 200,000 dead and millions unemployed. There’s been a spike in depression cases since June, but knowing about the illness will help you make informed decisions regarding treatment.


According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, “Depression is a serious medical illness. It’s more than just a feeling of being sad or ‘blue’ for a few days. If you are one of the more than 19 million teens and adults in the United States who have depression, the feelings do not go away.”
Depression is an illness of the brain. There is a range of causes, including biological, genetic, environmental, and psychological triggers.


Depression affects people of all ages, regardless of gender, religion, politics, money, or social standing. Who is affected by depression?

  • More than 264 million globally.
  • In the U.S., more than 17 million adults.
  • The risk of depression is greater for women (8.7 percent) than men (5.3 percent).
  • People between 18 and 25 years-old have the highest rate of depression (13.1 percent) by age group.
  • Depression is most prevalent among adults reporting a multi-racial heritage (11.1 percent).
  • About 3.2 million children in the U.S. between 12 and 17 years-old have depression, with more among girls (20 percent) than boys (6.8 percent).


Symptoms in men include the following:

  • Regular feelings of hopelessness, sadness, or emptiness
  • Feel very fatigued
  • Have problems sleeping or sleep more than average
  • Little or no satisfaction from activities once enjoyable
  • Escapist behavior, like devoting considerable time at their job or on sports
  • Physical symptoms, like headaches, digestive trouble and pain
  • Trouble with drug use or alcohol
  • Controlling, abusive, abhorrent, or violent behavior
  • Irritability or unacceptable anger
  • Risky behavior, like reckless driving
  • Problems controlling their temper or arguing unnecessarily
  • Depression is less prevalent in men than women, unfortunately, and men are more known for violent episodes related to mental illness.


Depression can happen to any woman, anytime, despite age, income, or race, but it’s a treatable illness. Symptoms include:

  • Sadness, anxiety, “empty” moods
  • No longer interested in pleasurable activities including sex
  • Excessive crying, restlessness, irritability
  • Guilt, helplessness, pessimism
  • Abnormal sleep patterns, either too much or not enough
  • Appetite changes followed by weight loss or gain
  • Low energy, fatigue, feeling “slowed down”
  • Thinking of death or suicide
  • Trouble concentrating, remembering, decision-making
  • Physical symptoms that are treatment-resistant – headaches, digestive ailments, chronic pain


Depression in children and teens shows up in many ways.

  • Irritability, sadness, or socially withdrawn
  • No longer interested in pleasurable hobbies
  • Changes in weight
  • Sleeping problems
  • Hopelessness, worthlessness, guilt
  • Trouble thinking, concentrating, making decisions
  • Thinking about death and suicide
  • Low energy
  • Shows little emotion
  • Complaints of headaches and stomach pain
  • Anxious or “clingy” with a caregiver

Teens may sleep, move, or speak more slowly than normal to the point where it’s noticed by others. Severe depression in young adults and children can manifest in symptoms like seeing or hearing things that aren’t there (hallucinations) or holding onto false beliefs (delusions).


  • Self-tests for depression. Everybody, it seems, are armchair psychologists with intractable opinions on what constitutes depression. If you think you’re depressed, you can try and identify classic symptoms discussed above, or try an online self-assessment. Beyond self-help, though, there is no path for psychotherapy or medicine without a formal diagnosis.
  • Clinical & medical testing for depression. In order to be formally diagnosed following criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, you have to be examined by a medical doctor or licensed mental health professional. A doctor or therapist will try and uncover what’s causing your symptoms.
  • Treatment options for depression include a combination of psychotherapy, self-help, or medicines like antidepressants. Over the last several years, researchers have discovered an innovative new use for the anesthetic ketamine, repurposing it to treat symptoms of mental disorders including depression.


Depression is a serious mental health disorder harming millions of people globally. Its symptoms are infamous and treatable, so if you need help, reach out to your partner, family, doctor, or therapist for more information. Drugs like ketamine can reduce symptoms and build confidence within you for controlling the disorder.
If you or a loved one have questions about the clinical use of ketamine to help treat the symptoms of depression we can help. Contact Premier Infusions today to learn more about the innovative new treatments that are available.

Ketamine for OCD Treatment

Everyone, it seems, will toss out a joke occasionally about OCD (obsessive compulsive disorder): “I have OCD when it comes to folding my t-shirts” or “I have OCD about cleaning my glasses.” But the condition, characterized by the need to repeat an action or behavior continuously, is very real. It’s pop culture relevant, discussed often by Lena Dunham, Howie Mandel, and others. Ketamine-derived nasal spray and infusion therapy are now considered viable OCD treatment options.

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